World Heritage Sites in Asia
World Heritage sites in Asia are plentiful and there are important natural and man-made sites located in many countries across the continent. From important sites in east Asia to notable regions in parts of Russia, south-east Asia, Turkey and Palestine to the west, there are several places that serve to remind us of the history, cultural and natural ecology of this vast continent. Let's learn more about the fascinating and historically significant heritage sites in Asia.
How many World Heritage Sites are there in Asia?
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) protects 268 heritage sites on the continent of Asia. Of these, 180 are cultural landmarks, 67 are natural areas and twelve are mixed-use sites. These include important ecological and historic places in more than 36 countries. There are UNESCO sites in China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Nepal, Singapore, Japan, Laos, Pakistan, Vietnam and many others. The Great Wall of China is probably the most well-known of all the heritage sites in Asia.
Which country in Asia has the highest number of World Heritage Sites?
China has the most World Heritage sites on the continent of Asia, with a staggering 55 locations across various regions including Beijing, Xian, Qufu, Lishan and many other provinces. Here you will marvel at the ancient city of Ping Yao, the archeological ruins of Liangzhu City and the Koguryo Tombs. In fact, China has the second highest number of important locations in the world, second only to Italy.
Which are the most visited World Heritage Sites on the continent?
The Great Wall of China attracts thousands of visitors every year. The wall was constructed in 220 B.C. by Qin Shi Huang who joined several previously built sections of wall together to form an impenetrable defense against invaders from the north. It is the world's largest military structure and the longest wall in the world with a total length of 21,196.18 km. Located in Indonesia, the Borobudur Temple dates back to the eighth century and is the world's largest Buddhist temple. The temple has three floors and a pyramid-shaped base, several terraces, platforms and a dome on top. Today it is a popular site for a pilgrimage on the Buddhist holy day of Vesak.
What is the most beautiful World Heritage Site in Asia?
The Taj Mahal in Agra, India is an iconic and beautiful tomb built in the 1600s using exquisite white marble. The building was commissioned by emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal, after she died during childbirth. The Taj Mahal is probably the most famous building in India, and, next to the Great Wall, the most beloved in Asia. Today the monument is well-preserved and attracts thousands of visitors each year. It is considered the finest example of Indo-Islamic architecture and the entire complex of buildings extends for more than 22 hectares and includes beautiful gardens, the river Yamuna and the small town of Taj Ganji.
What is the largest World Heritage Site in Asia?
Angkor Wat in Cambodia is an ancient archaeological site in South-East Asia which is considered to be the largest religious monument in the world. It is a 400 square kilometres archaeological park and forest which dates back to the twelfth century. It contains the ancient ruins of the Khmer Empire, the famous Temple of Angkor Wat and the Bayon Temple. Angkor Wat is believed to be the largest religious monument in the world. Historical records show that the city crumbled after severe monsoon rains followed a period of drought.
Plan your next vacation with a list of World Heritage sites to visit
With over 1000 various locations around the world, how about planning your next trip to visit some of these amazing World Heritage sites in Asia? When the time is right, compare airlines on BudgetAir and check our best flight deals to worldwide destinations which are the home to some of the world's most awe-inspiring World Heritage sites.
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